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Consumer Law

Features of Consumer Protection Act, 2019

Definition of consumer: Under section 2(7) of the Act, it is stated that consumer is anyone who:  (i) buys any goods for a consideration which has been paid or promised or partly paid and partly promised, or under any system of deferred payment and includes any user of such goods other than the person who […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

How as a Consumer you will Benefit from the Consumer Protection Act, 2019

Introduction: In this article, we will discuss the benefits for consumers which are introduced in the Consumer Protection Act, 2019 and also other relevant topics which are included under this Act.  The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 is a law which protects the interests of the consumers in a very efficient way. There are many pending […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

Legal Actions and Consumer Complaint against Housing Cooperatives in West Bengal and Kolkata

Introduction: Legal Actions and Consumer Complaint against Housing Co-operatives in West Bengal is a vital topic to be discussed here. There are different disputes arising day by day in Housing Co-operatives. So, there are few Acts which are formulated by the State and Central government as well. These Acts or Rules provide different remedies to […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

How can you as a Real Estate Buyer file Insolvency Proceedings against Real Estate Developer in NCLT

Introduction: In this article, we will talk about the Real Estate and its related and relevant topics such as Real Estate Buyer, Real Estate Developer, Insolvency Proceedings against Real Estate Developer, NCLT and so on. The Real Estate Buyer means a person or an individual who purchases or buys a flat or apartment or house […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law Investment Law

Chit Funds, Ponzi Schemes and Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes in West Bengal and Kolkata

Introduction: Meaning: Chit Fund is an important topic to be discussed here. A chit fund is a type of system which is practised around the country in India. These schemes are organised by companies or financial institutions or among relatives or friends or neighbours. Chit Funds Act, 1982 defines the Following Provisions: Section 2 of […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law Property Law

Laws Regulating Pets in Housing Societies and Apartment Associations in West Bengal and Kolkata

Introduction: It has been seen in many ancient cultures that animals are domesticated for their need and this concept has given mankind to keeping pets at their home. Nowadays, having pets has different meanings attached to it and they even avoid loneliness. Human beings develop an intense emotional bond with the pets and such pets […]

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Consumer Law Investment Law Property Law

How to Register Charitable Trusts in West Bengal and Kolkata?

Introduction: Charitable Trust is a trust which if formed for the benefit of the public, as for education, foods, shelter, medical and other charitable purposes. Charitable Trust is a trust which has the aim of charitable purpose. There are different types of organizations which may be established for a charitable purpose or they may acquire […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law

Requirements and Liabilities of Surrogate Mother and Intending Couple in Surrogacy

Introduction: The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill was passed in the year 2019 in the Lok Sabha and this bill was introduced by the Minister of Health and Family Welfare. This bill says that when a woman gives birth to child for an intending couple, she must hand over the child to the intending couple. Regulation of […]

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Consumer Law Corporate Law Tech Law

Age of Coronavirus and Video Conferencing in Courts of India

Introduction: The lockdown in the country has put many things on hold such as industries, companies, government and private institutions and government offices and so on. These are locked down due to Coronavirus or COVID-19, which is spreading across the country as well as around the world. Our government has adopted many ways to protect […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

What are the Remedies Against Unfair Practices of Builders and Real Estate Developers in Kolkata

Introduction: The real estate industry has become the most important and flourishing industry in Kolkata in recent years. There are a large number of builders and developers in Kolkata because the demand for residential and commercial property is increasing day by day. This demand itself has created unfair practices between builders or developers and buyers. […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

What to do if Property Document Gets Destroyed in a Fire

Introduction: Summary of property documents lost or destroyed: Property documents can get destroyed by different natural calamities and human activities among them fire destruction is the worst. These losses include sensitive personal documents or other documents like the documents of properties or assets. There are different procedures to get back the property documents which are […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

What is the legal Formality to be Carried Out After a Person is Dead in India

Introduction: Life and death are both like two sides of a coin. One who has got life will die one day and this is the rule of the earth. There are various legal formalities to be carried out after the death of an individual or person. The legal heir or legal representative must carry out […]

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Consumer Law

Useful Links to Consumer Complaint in West Bengal

Consumer Law To file consumer complaint in West Bengal or Kolkata, it is very important to understand how consumer law works in India. Consumer law helps consumers to effectively raise complaints before the consumer forum when there is any dispute with sellers or merchants. This post lists some of the most important links that will […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law

Women Safety in India – Useful Links and Numbers

For Women’s Safety in India Women’s safety is of paramount importance in India. This is a short list of collected helpline numbers to provide immediate support and protection to women in India. Please call for immediate help. Central Social Welfare Board -Police Helpline 1091/ 1291 (011) 23317004 Shakti Shalini 10920 Shakti Shalini – women’s shelter […]

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Consumer Law

Consumer Complaint Online Portal in West Bengal

For those of you who are looking for ways to file consumer complaints against those who are negligent in their services or goods. The West Bengal government has recently launched an online complaint portal that will help them to tackle such complaints effectively. You can now file complaints here: https://wbconsumers.gov.in/ProtectedPages/con_login.aspx Here is more information about how to […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law

Transgender Rights in India: The Road Ahead

On 15th April 2014, the landmark judgment in National Legal Services Authority v Union of India and Others (Writ Petition No. 400 of 2012 with Writ Petition No. 604 of 2013) was passed. The court was constituted of two judges and the leading judgment was given by Justice K.S. Radhakrishnan, whose judgment was endorsed by […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law Property Law

Live-In Relationships and Protection from Domestic Violence for Women in India

Background of Domestic Violence Act and Live-In Relationship in India The D.V. Act has been enacted to provide a remedy in Civil Law for protection of women from being victims of domestic violence and to prevent occurrence of domestic violence in the society. The DV Act has been enacted to provide an effective protection of […]

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Consumer Law Corporate Law Criminal Law

Necessary to Exhaust other Efficacious Remedy Before Filing Writ Petition

Efficacious remedy implies a form of relief that can be obtained at a different forum from the current forum. It is generally necessary to exhaust other efficacious remedy before filing writ petition because the inherent powers of the High Courts to issue prerogative writs or order in terms of Article 226 of the Constitution is […]

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Consumer Law Corporate Law Investment Law

Oral Evidence in Enforcement of Arbitral Award

Si-Al Bioenergie vs Sbec Systems Citation: AIR 2005 Delhi 95 Facts of the Case The facts of the case were that the decree holder (Si-Al Bioenergie) sought to enforce an arbitral award under Sections 48 and 34 of the Arbitration & Conciliation Act, 1996. However, the judgment debtor (Sbec Systems) applied to set aside and […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law

Data Theft and Data Protection Precautions in India

At the outset, it is stated that under the Indian Law, “ Data Theft” is a misnomer. Under the Indian Law, there is no offence of “Data Theft” i.e. theft of Data. Section 378 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 defines Theft as follows:- “ Theft – Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any movable property out of […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

Residential / Non Residential (NRI) Status in India

The concept of “Non Resident Indian” has been defined differently under various statutes such as the Income Tax Act, 1961 and Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), 1999. The Citizenship Act, 1955 does not define “Non Resident Indian”. The Citizenship Act mainly provides for the acquisition and termination of citizenship. In brief, citizenship of India can […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law

Civil Suit for Damages – Vicarious Liability

CIVIL SUIT NO. _____ OF ______ In the High Court at Calcutta ORDINARY Original CIVIL Jurisdiction ……… Plaintiff -Versus-                                       …….  Defendants REGISTERED ADDRESS OF THE PLANTIFF SI. NO. Name 1.    Plaintiff      Advocate-on-Record   For Plaintiff. CIVIL SUIT NO. ____ OF ______ In the High Court at Calcutta ORDINARY Original CIVIL Jurisdiction […]

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Consumer Law Corporate Law Investment Law

Dimensions Of Online Arbitration In India

Abstract The rapid expansion of commercial transactions and globalization has given rise to spiraling growth in arbitration at the national as well as international stages. Arbitration is one of the modern techniques of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) that has gained a lot of prominence due to the freedom it offers to the disputants. Online Arbitration […]

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Consumer Law Criminal Law

West Bengal Government Compensation to People Dying of Natural Calamities Including Snake Bite

Update August 2014: Due to a recent Calcutta High Court ruling in Madhav Chandra Mondal v State of West Bengal and due to change in West Bengal State Disaster Management policy, compensation is now being granted to family members of persons who have died unnaturally by lightning strike. Do check this official website of West Bengal […]

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Consumer Law Investment Law Property Law

Tax Clarifications For Your Multiple House Property Investments

Tax Clarifications For Your Multiple House Property Investments

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Consumer Law

Deconstructing the Right to Education Act, 2009 and Child-Labour in India

Today, with thriving population in India, there are millions of children living on the streets, unattended, uncared for and with practically no future at all. Under prevailing political, social and economic situation in India, there’s little doubt that the percentage of children living on the streets and working as bonded labourers would manifold increase with […]

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Consumer Law Property Law

Stamp Paper Validity

The basic purpose of Indian Stamp Act, 1899 is to raise revenue to Government. However, over a period of time, the stamped document has obtained so much value that a ‘stamped document’ is considered much more authentic and reliable than an un-stamped document. Power of Parliament in respect of stamp duty – Parliament can make […]