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Digitization of Land Records and Impact on Disputes in India

Introduction:

The National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP) came into force in 2008 and now this programme has changed to Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP) which came into force from 01st April 2016.

This programme has the following elements:-

(i) Computerization or digitization of land records;

 (ii) Survey and resurvey and updating of the survey and so on.

(iii) Digitization of Registration;

(iv) Modern record rooms or land records management centres at different levels.

 (v) Legal changes;

(vi) Programme management.

Digitisation of land records:

Digitisation of land records has become one of the main objectives of the government to check fraud in property-related cases. The major target of DILRMP is to digitise all land records, digitise maps and surveys and so on. Digitisation of land records has reduced land and property-related frauds and other offences or wrongs. Government has taken a great initiative to reduce these type of wrongs or offences and built infrastructure and employed officials to keep eye on these matters.

Merits of digitisation:

 Digitisation of land will boost up the government Digital India mission. This digitisation process will keep all the records of the land and property. It will also keep the records of the owners of the property and present status of the land and property. Digitisation also has the capacity to measure the total area of land owned by an individual. It keeps the records up to date. It also helps in avoiding confusion between private land or property and government land or property. Digitisation helps in the speeding up of land acquisition. It makes easier for the government to work on its Smart Cities Mission.

Benefits of digitisation in real estate:

  • There is Transparency in land record management.
  • It is easy to get approvals of plans through online and also provides occupancy certificate in an easier way.
  • It gives clarification over ownership status and so on.

Some Laws Relating To Immovable Property:

  • Indian Registration Act, 1908:  Registration is given in the Indian Registration Act which provides for the registration of documents to conserve evidence, assurance of title and to prevent fraud. In the registration of documents, stamp duty is must under Registration.
  • The Transfer of Property Act:  There are many means to transfer property in the name of another person in India. For transfer of property, persons need to be competent to transfer the property. Some of the means of transfer are mortgage, lease, gift and so on.
  • Indian Succession Act and Hindu Succession Act: These two Acts provide for succession of property to any person by the owner of the property. These Acts have great importance in giving the title to another person.
  • The Land Acquisition Act, 2013:  Before there was the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 then the Land Acquisition Act, 2013 replaced it and gave different new rules and regulations. It gives rules for compensation, resettlement and rehabilitation and so on.
Types of Disputes

Conclusion:

Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP) which came into force from 01st April 2016. Digitisation of land records has become one of the main objectives of the government to check fraud in property-related cases. This digitisation process will keep all the records of the land and property.

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